WSDOT Statewide Right of Way Update

WSDOT owns, manages, and maintains:


  • 20,000 state highway lane miles (carries 86 million vehicle miles/day)
  • 225 lane miles of a planned 320-mile HOV freeway system
  • more than 3,600 bridges and structures


  • 22 ferry vessels, 20 terminals, and 500 daily sailings (carries 23 million passengers/year)

Passenger rail

  • Partner in Amtrak Cascades state passenger rail (carries over 700,000 passengers/year)

Freight rail

  • Runs 118 grain cars (Grain Train) (over 1.4 million tons of grain moved)
  • 492 miles of public owned short-line
  • 3,600 miles of freight railroads and 116 million tons of freight moved

Transit support

  • Commute programs support more than 810,000 commuters statewide (170 million vehicle miles traveled reduced annually)
  • Vanpool program includes more than 2,400 vans (Washington has the largest public vanpool fleet in the nation)


  • 17 WSDOT managed airports
  • 138 public use airports

Funding (includes 2010 supplemental budget impact)

$1.4 billion 2009-2011 operating program budget

$5.3 billion 2009-2011 capital program budget

  • State dollars – $3.4 billion
  • Federal dollars (non ARRA) – $1.0 billion
  • ARRA dollars (highways and rail) – $0.9 billion

WSDOT Transportation Vision

An integrated transportation system that is…


  • improved travel times for drivers
  • Better reliability and choices for commuters and increased intercity service
  • More efficient freight movement across state and in and out of our ports


  • Safer roads, and fewer fatalities and serious injuries
  • Cost effective asset maintenance and preservation
  • Highways, transit and ferries provide users integrated travel options
  • Increased special needs transportation to provide access for jobs and lifeline services


  • Cleaner air and water
  • Strategic and balanced approach to climate change
  • Predictable funding and affordable improvements and operations

Your Tax Dollars at Work:

WSDOT Program Delivery Summary

The 2003 and 2005 revenue packages

brought forth $15.5 billion of infrastructure.

Delivery performance:

  • 273 projects completed
  • By Dec. 30, 2010: 347 of 421 projects will be either complete or under construction.
  • 92% of completed projects “on budget”
  • 89% of comlpeted projects “on time”

ARRA Projects

  • $492 million for 217 state highway and local projects
  • $179 million for 55 transit projects (rural/urban/ferries)
  • High speed passenger rail:
  • awarded $590 million;  $8 billion available
  • ARRA has out 19,000 people to work, working 3 million hours, and earning $130 million in paayroll since Feb 17, 2009.

WSDOT Current law projections for Right of Way funding:

In the Northwest Region:

  •  2009-2011 $49,613,000
  • 2011-2013 $12,707,000
  • 2013-2015 $152,000

In the North Central Region:

  • 2009-2011 $14,613,000
  • 2011-2013 $424,000
  • 2013-2015 $152,000

Olympic Region:

  • 2009-2011 $117,945,000
  • 2011-2013 $16,164,000
  • 2013-2015 $298,000

Southwest Region:

  • 2009-2011 $47,035,000
  • 2011-2013 $16,730,000
  • 2013-2015 $1,010,000

South Central Region:

  • 2009-2011 $13,329,000
  • 2011-2013 $1,836,000
  • 2013-2015 $0

Eastern Region:

  • 2009-2011 $50,737,000
  • 2011-2013 $25,925,000
  • 2013-2015 $21,154,000

Urban Corridors:

  • 2009-2011 $3,243,000
  • 2011-2013 $0
  • 2013-2015 $0

Alaskan Way Viaduct:

  • 2009-2011 $108,854,000
  • 2011-2013 $78,791,000
  • 2013-2015 $200,000

SR 520 Bridge Replacement:

  • 2009-2011 $57,749,000
  • 2011-2013 $86,612,000
  • 2013-2015 $31,175,000

Total funding for all regions:

  • 2009-2011 $463,118,000
  • 2011-2013 $239,189,000
  • 2013-2015 $56,899,000

Right of Way: Condemnations and acquisitions


Condemnation involves legal action to acquire property by operation of law. Of the 18 open condemnation cases, 10 are new cases opened in the forst six months of 2010. There has been one Judgment and Decree (J&D) issued in the forst six months of 2010. There were 20 for the entire year of 2009.

  • 2002: J&D 31, Parcels 528, 5.87%
  • 2003: J&D 30, Parcels 453, 6.62%
  • 2004: J&D 29, Parcels 632, 4.59%
  • 2005: J&D 24, Parcels 496, 4.84%
  • 2006: J&D 23, Parcels 509, 4.52%
  • 2007: J&D 27, Parcels 455, 5.93%
  • 2008: J&D 30, Parcels 389, 7.71%
  • 2009: J&D 20, Parcels 423, 4.73%
  • 2010: J&D 20, Parcels 436, 4.59%


There were 169 total parcel acquisitions in the first six months of 2010, compared with 219 parcel acquisitions in the first six months of 2009. Projections for the remainder of 2010 equal 267 parcels, for a total estimate of 436 parcels to be acquired in 2010. This would be very close to the total of 423 parcels acquired in 2009.

Right of Way: Requirements

From Chapter 3 of the Right-Way-Manual…

3-4 Why We Do What We Do

3-4.1 Revised Code of Washington

Chapters 8.25 and 8.26 RCW are the state laws that control the aquisition process. The intent of these laws is: to assure fair and equitable treatment of displaced persons and to encourage and expedite acquisitions by negotiations.

These laws require that Real Estate Services personnel know and do many things:

  • Appraisal
  • Appraisal Review
  • Negotiations
  • Property Management
  • Relocation Assistance

SR 520 Bridge Replacement Overview

This program will replace the aging floating bridge and keep the region moving by replacing the corridor with four general-purpose lanes, a transit/HOV lane in each direction, and a bicycle/pedestrian path.

The project runs 12.8 miles from I-5 in Seattle and extends to SR 202 in Redmond, with an overall cost limit of $4.65 billion established by the legislature.

There are four projects in the SR 520 Bridge Replacement and HOV Program:

  • I-5 to Medina: Bridge Replacement and HOV Project
  • Medina to SR 202: Eastside Transit and HOV Project
  • Pontoon Construction Project
  • Lake Washington Congestion Management Project

SR 520 Right of Way:

Currently purchasing Right of Way on the Eastside of the bridge:

  • Approximately 45 parcels, of which seven are total acquisition of residential property
  • Six of the parcels have been acquired and relocated
  • One commercial property was acquired in its entirety and relocation is complete.
  • The remaining parcels are partial acquisitions from mostly residentially improved property but there are a few commercial properties included. Total expended to date is +$23 million with $10 million for the remaining parcels.

We do not have approved plans for the West side yet.

  • We are working toward completion of the acquisition of the MOHAI improvements.
  • We have also acquired one residential parcel as an early acquisition.
  • There are approximately 20 parcels on the west side that are a mix of commercial and residential. There is MOHAI, NOAA, a marina/yacht club as well as others.
  • Expect RW acquisition to begin in the third quarter of 2011. Expected RW costs are in the neighborhood of $105 million.

Pontoons are being constructed in Aberdeen and we have acquired a 55 acre construction site from Weyerhaeuser.

Alaskan Way Viaduct

The Alaskan Way Viaduct and Seawall Replacement is a program that includes components led by WSDOT, City of Seattle, King County and the Port of Seattle.

WSDOT is responsible for replacing the double-deck Viaduct, which is part of State Route 99. Seattle is managing the Elliott Bay seawall project.

Viaduct replacement projects are estimated to cost $3.1 billion:

  • $2.4 billion from state gas tax and federal sources
  • $400 million from tolls on tunnel users
  • $300 million from Port of Seattle

This porgram is comprised of two sections:

  • Viaduct’s southern mile section
  • Central waterfront section

Southern Mile Section between S. Holgate and S. King streets, is being replaced with a new side-by-side roadway.

  • Eviromental Phase Completed early 2009 (Enviromental Assessment released in dummer 2008. Finding of  No Significant Impact signed by FHWA in early 2009.)
  • ROW Phase Ongoing. (Right of way for stage 3 – a new overcrossing at S. Atlantic Street – is still being acquired.)
  • Design/Construction Phase. Design completed late 2009. Construction started summer 2010. (Road and bridge construction began summer 2010. New roadway completion expected late 2013)

Central Waterfront Section between S. King Street and Battery Street, FHWA, WSDOT and the City of Seattle have identified a bored tunnel as the preferred alternative.

  • Enviromental Phase Ongoing. (Published second Supplemental Draft EIS in fall 2010. Expect to publish Final EIS and issue Record of Decision in summer 2011.)
  • ROW Phase Right of way – Ongoing.
  • Design Phase – Ongoing. (Select a design-build contractor early 2011.)
  • Construction expected to begin fall 2011.

Alaskan Way Viaduct: Right of Way

We have spent $120.9 million in AWV rlated right of way acquisition. The property is mostly commercial in nature with some industrial and some condominium use.

Moving forward we have approximately $63 million to acquire:

  • 19 parcels located in the North Portal area – primarily limited access, partial or temporary interests.
  • 4 acquisitions in the South Portal area. These are partial or temporary interests.
  • 35 temporary acquisitions for Settlement Mitigation work prior to construction
  • 50 parcels involving permanent subsurface tunnel rights
  • 54 relocations, majority commercial property near south end of tunnel

I-405/SR 167 legislative funded projects

The eastside Corridor vision includes new highway lanes, improved interchanges, express toll lanes, expanded transit service including bus rapid transit (BRT) and expanded vanpool programs.

  • Expand capacity to 1.54 million people each day (an additional 640,000 people)
  • Create about 1,700 new vanpools.
  • Increase transit service by 50 percent.
  • Build 5,000 new park-and-ride spaces

I-405/SR 167: Project Status

  • Renton Stage 2 Widening new lane and interchange open in 2011
  • Bellevue Braids open in 2012
  • NE 116th Interchange improvements an Ad
  • SR 167, Eighth Street East to South 277th Street SB HOT Lane in 2015
  • Bellevue to Lynnwood widening and express toll lane project scheduled for July 2011 AD

Funding gaps remain between Renton and Bellevue and at the I-405/SR 167 Interchange.

Expert review panel concurs with 2010 Eastside Corridor Tolling Study and recommends moving forward with Phase 1 (Bellevue to Lynnwood).

I-405/SR 167: Next Steps

10 Year, $2 Billion Express Toll Lane Implementaion Plan

Funds future improvements

  • Provides funding towards future improvements
  • Supply and demand-based variable toll rates generate more future revenue with continued regional growth.
  • Supplements traditional revenue
  • User fee vs. across the board tax

Improved traffic performance

  • HOV system currently congested
  • Provides a choice for a reliable trip into the future
  • Moves more people and vehicles throughout the entire freeway
  • Improves transit speed and reliability

Columbia River Crossing

The Columbia River Crossing (CRC) is a bi-state project on I-5 between Portland, OR, and Vancouver, WA, to improve safety, freight mobility, trip reliability and modal choices.

The CRC project will:

  • Replace the current I-5 bridge over the Columbia River, eliminate bridge lifts
  • Improve five highway interchanges
  • Extend light rail across the Columbia river from Portland to Vancouver
  • Improve a multi-use path for pedestrians and bicyclists

Columbia River Crossing: Right of Way

  • Number of Parcels: Washington 203, Oregon 83.
  • These numbers include both transit and highway elements of the project
  • Parcel totals include full, partial, and temporary acquisitions, as well as easements.

Highway (Washington)

Property types that will be acquired for relocating the Columbia River Bridge and widening I-5 include: Office, industrial, commercial, single family residential, and federal and state agencies.

Transit (Washington)

The project plans to contruct a new light rail system within the existing City of Vancouver street design. This widening will impact office, store front commercial, high density residential and sigle family residential properties.


On the Oregon side, the project will affect commercial (shopping center and hotel), industrial, and single family floating homes.

I-90 Snoqualmie Pass East Project

To ensure the continued availability and reliability of this important statewide corridor, WSDOT is expanding I-90 to meet both the current and future needs of travelers and the freight community with the I-90 Sonqualmie Pass East Project.

This -mile corridor improvement program begins at hyak and ends at Easton. Currently, WSDOT only has funding to improve the first five miles.

I-90 Snoqualmie Pass East: Project status

Due to the coplexity of the first five miles, WSDOT divided the project into three major construction contracts: 1A, 1B, and 1C

  • 2011 – Design on first five miles completed. Future design – proposed for 2021
  • 2009 – Detour construction and lake storage mitigation, Phase 1A, completed two years ahead of schedule
  • 2010 – Construction started on the four – year contract, Phase 1B, which will widen the first three miles from Hyak to the Lake Keechelus Snowshed
  • Spring 2011 – Advertise the third construction contract, Phase 1C. This contrat, estimated to take six years, builds a new, longer snowshed to protect all six lanes and widens the remaining two miles from Lake Keechelus to Resort Creek near Keechelus Dam.

I-90 Snoqualmie Pass East: Right of Way

WSDOT acquired right of way or property rights from 15 parcels.

  • Approximately 60 acres were acquired from the US Bureau of Reclamation and US Forest Service to widen I-90.
  • Less than five acres were acquired from eight private property recreational parcels to widen i-90 approximately one mile southeast of the snowshed.
  • Approximately 300+ acres of forest were acquired from two parcels near Gold Creek for enviromental mitigation.
  • Two leases were acquired, one at Snoqualmie Pass and the other at Crystal Springs SnoPark, for stockpile and staging areas.
  • Approximately 113 acre-feet of water rights were also acquired for use on the I-90 construction projects and future use for the I-90 corridor.

The right of way acquisition porcess varied from less than 12 months for the eight private recreational properties, to more than two years for the mitigation sites and water rights.

US 395, North Spokane Corridor

the North Spokane Corridor (NSC) is a 10-mile, limited access freeway project for north/south traffic in Spokane. It connects to I-90 on the south end (just west of the existing Thor/Freya Interchange) and connects to existing US 2 (at Farwell Road) and US 395 (at Wanermere) on the north end.

Interchanges will be built at locations along the corridor, to include: Trent Avenue (SR 290), Wellesley Avenue, Francis/Freya Street, Parksmith Drive, US 2, and US 395 at Wandermere.

US 395, North Spokane Corridor: Right of Way

Number of Parcels:

  • 820 – total parcels in the corridor
  • 513 – total parcels purchased to date
  • 400 – residential purchases
  • 113 – commercial purchases
  • 554 residential relocations – some parcels were multi-unit
  • 61 commercial relocations
  • 307 – number of parcels left to purchase

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